Drawing lesson for beginners: Exercises for Good Eye


Many people who do not know how to draw, believe that it is an impossible task. Once they tried to draw something and saw a discrepancy between what seemed so clear in their head and what had appeared on paper.

But in fact, all begginers lack a sense of proportion and a good eye in drawing. Only a few people engross in thought that this is, in fact, a skill. A skill that can be developed.

After some time of effort, it suddenly turns out that your hand indeed is listening to your mind and draws what you have imagined, and in the way you have planned. Of course, such things as talent, has not been canceled. Nevertheless, any person can learn to draw decent illustrations if will make a special effort.

By itself, in order to correctly depict objects on the surface, it is necessary to develop a sense of proportion. And for this you need to develop a good eye. Which, in turn, can be developed through the simple exercises. That is what we are going to discuss.

Exercises are very simple and straightforward.

With them starts all learning lessons in children’s art schools. But as far as exercises are simple, they might be boring. Everyone wants to draw beautiful landscapes or portraits at once. But dont neglect these exercises, because they are basic and will help with your drawings later. It is better to learn the foundation at once, because later it will be harder for you to relearn.

  1. Draw parallel lines (segments)

The first exercise can be performed on any convenient piece of paper (even in a notebook). Draw by hand, without a ruler, straight parallel lines. The longer they are, the trickier it is.  If it is very difficult for you and your hand is not experienced, then start with a checked notebook. Just fill the sheet with parallel segments.

At first, your stripes will be crooked, trembling, and not always even parallel.  But with the exercises it will get better and better.

Do not try to draw long lines at once, start with segments of 8-10 centimeters long. Use the convenient technique for this exercise. Mark with dots or lines (as in the figure) the beginning and end of the segment. Then in one motion connect them with a horizontal line.  These marks are very helpful to draw the path that your hand will make.  We strive for the obedience of hand.

Gradually extend the lines, make them without designation of the beginning and end, try to make them identical and at the same distance from each other. How many of such an exercises will be required is difficult to say in advance. Train until your hand is confident in holding smooth lines.

  1. Learn to divide segments into different number of equal parts


It is boring to draw monotonous lines, so when you will become more experienced, you can add a second exercise for the development of a good eye.  Very important exercise! We will divide our drawn segments into equal parts. To begin with, on an even number of parts: two, four, eight.

First, divide the strip in half. Then each formed part also divide into halfs, and so on.

I think that with an even number of parts is more or less clear. As it will turn out equable, we will complicate the task for a good eye, and we will divide our lines into an uneven number of pieces: 3, 5, 7.

Rely on the even division. For example: to divide into three parts, you first need to divide the segment in half, then on both sides of the central mark we separate a small piece of this size so that in the end all 3 parts would be of equal length. When divided by an uneven number of segments, the center of the middle part coincides with the middle of the entire line.

The division into five and seven parts is done according to the same principle: first divide by an even number of parts. They will be 1 less than planned to get out of the uneven ones (that is, out of 4 we make 5, out of 6 we do 7).  Dividing the line into five or seven parts is difficult, but only at first. Even a small practice makes noticeable progress.

  1. Drawing geometric figures and dividing them into parts

After becoming skilled in drawing lines, proceed to the geometric shapes. The essence of the exercises is the same: we draw geometric figures by hand and divide them into even parts. All by hand, without a ruler. The ruler in these exercises for training a good eye is used only to check your result: how accurately was it possible to divide the line and which way to make an amendment the next time.

It is better to start with a square. We divide it horizontally, then vertically, then diagonally. Try to draw lines evenly.

The square is divided in half in different ways: either diagonally or by connecting the centers of opposite sides.

Take different shapes, complicate and diversify your task: a triangle, a parallelogram, a rectangle.



  1. Drawing Geometric Ornaments

And now the culmination of our training is – ornaments. As you can see, half of all ornaments are based on the repetition and alternation of various simplest geometric shapes. On the ornaments there will be where to turn: there are even parallel lines, division into equal and not equal segments, and equal intervals between the lines (which is also not unimportant), and there you can apply the fantasy.

Now that you know how to develop a good eye, there is only one thing left – practice and practice again.

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